Monocytes: High, Low, Definition, Counts Meaning in Blood Test


What are Monocytes?

Protecting your body from bacteria and infections is a challenging task. Humans tend to expose themselves to not so friendly environment letting them catch these viruses and bacteria. It is a great thing that we have body organs that produce antibodies that protect us during these unfortunate times. One specific example is your white blood cells also know as leukocytes. These cells are responsible for defending your body against any viral infection or any harmful substance that may obliterate your bodily functions. One critical component of the white blood cells is called monocytes. Monocytes are produced by the bone marrow and considered the larger white blood cells. They travel through the tissues of the organs with blood as their passageway. Their primary goal is to remove and destroy the debris and harmful microorganisms to defend your body. This is a process called phagocytosis.

What are Typical Monocyte Values

Just like any other components in your blood, it is essential to maintain a normal monocytes value. A reasonable person should reach 4 to 8 percentage of monocytes in the white blood cells. The typical value ranges from 1000 to 4500 cells per ml. The usual value of monocytes should be achieved for them to function properly as well. Not having them in a standard value may indicate a danger to your health.

High Monocytes Means:

It is not all the time that we have healthy monocytes level. There are a lot of factors that account for this. During a complete blood count or CBC, you may have high monocyte count, and this may arise panic from you. But it is a priority to make sure that we know the real indication of these high monocytes.

  • Bacteria and infections

One of the reasons why the monocytes are high is due to the presence of bacteria and viral infection inside your body. These harmful substances would attack various organs inside, and it is the monocytes job to eliminate them. The presence of too much bacteria will prompt the bone marrow to produce a lot of monocytes to make sure every affected organ is covered. If this is the reason for the high monocytes level, it does not impose a threat to you. It is just your body trying to protect you.

  • Too much stress

Getting stressed too much may cause the high count of your monocytes. Your body needs proper rest and should be taken care of. But is a person puts on with a strenuous activity continuously without even taking a break, the body will detect the fatigue and stress, alarming your immune system of the abuse that is harmful to you? This situation would then rise the monocytes value as a reaction to protect you.

  • Specific diagnosed conditions

When a person has a particular diagnosed condition, high monocytes may be produced for them to fight off these diseases. Examples of which are systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis just to name a few.

Low Monocytes Means:

There are also times that the monocytes count would be too low. It is also contributed to different reasons. As a responsible people, it is our obligation to make sure that we know why our monocytes are too small to treat it accordingly.

  • Bone Marrow Defects

The bone marrow is a very powerful organ, supplying your body the correct amount of white blood cells to fight off the diseases invading it. However, when your bone marrow is not in its best condition, it could not produce the monocytes needed or your body’s defense. One of the most famous examples of this situation is a person diagnosed with leukemia. Bone marrow failures is a somber condition, and some of the conditions associated with it do not even have a permanent solution, only treatments to improve the white blood cells count and alleviate the pain of the patient.

  • Medications and Treatments

One concrete example for this are patients undergoing chemotherapy. This process kills both the malignant and good cells causing the monocytes to drop even lower because cancer patients already have low monocytes count. It is a very unfortunate situation that could not be avoided.

  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency

This vitamin is an essential tool to produce monocytes, and if you have a low intake of vitamin b12, you may experience a little count in your monocyte. This can be treated by supplements prescribed by the doctor and proper diet.

You can always avoid all of these irregularities in your monocytes count. You just have to be aware of the things you need to do like eating properly and not straining yourself too much. However, if the situation could not be avoided anymore, it is advised that you seek professional help. Some of the causes are severe and acute diseases that require being monitored closely and even a lifetime treatment. Do not wait for it to get critical and try to detect it as early as you can to spare yourself from the agony.